Iran has started training sniffer dogs to detect COVID-19 in a training programme supported by the military. Iran is currently the most-affected country in the Middle East with almost 86,000 reported cases and over 5,000 recorded deaths, although one parliamentary report suggests the figures are higher. Since dogs sense odours 20,000 times more than humans, they have already been able to detect some viruses and similar initiatives have already been underway in the UK, where dogs have trained to spot the scent of malaria, cancer and Parkinson’s disease.
The project has been running for two weeks, “In the first phase of the research, we proved that dogs are not being infected by coronavirus; it is now two weeks that dogs are directly working with the virus but multiple tests in different stages show that none of them nor the trainers have contracted the virus, Hamidreza Shiri, the project’s spokesperson explained. “Since we didn’t know which breed has a better detection ability, we used different breeds including Labrador, Golden Retriever, German Shepherd, and Border Collie,” he added.
Late last month, the BBC reported that there are plans to conduct trials on the current strain of coronavirus with Durham University and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. Charity boss Dr Claire Guest said it had to find out how to “safely catch the odour of the virus from patients”. “In principle, we’re sure that dogs could detect Covid-19,” she said. In a statement, the charity also said that dogs can identify changes in skin temperature, meaning they might be able to recognise when someone has a fever, according to the Independent.